KERALA God’s Own Country
Formed on: 1956 Nov 1
Kerala is a state in the southern part of India and the official language is Malayalam. Its bordered by Karnataka and Tamilnadu. Kerala is twenty-third largest Indian state by area and thirteenth-largest Indian state by population according to the 2011 census. Kerala has 14 Districts, 14 District Panchayath, 152 Block Panchayaths, 978 Grama Panchayaths, 60 Muncipalities and 6 Corporations. Mahe is the only town in Kerala under controll of Union Territory.
Kerala has a wet and maritime climate and around 120-140 rainy days per year. The climate is influenced by the southwest summer monsoon and northeast winter monsoon. Most rains occurred in Kozhikkode district and least in Capital city.
Kerala has 44 rivers. 41 rivers are west-flowing rivers and 3 are east flowing. Major rivers are Pamba, Periyar, Bharathapuzha, Manimalayar, Chaliyar, Bhavani, Achankovil etc. Vembanad lake is the largest backwater in Kerala, it lies between Alappuzha and Kochi. Western Ghat also passing through Kerala and influence the weather in India
Kerala’s economy depends on emigrants working in foreign countries. Agriculture is also main economic activity. Kerala is the major spice exporters in India. The major principal cash crops are rubber, cashew, coffee, tea, cardamom, areca nut, etc. Traditional industries like coir, handlooms, and handicraft are also there. Kerala supplies 60% of the total global produce of white coir fibre. India’s first coir factory was set up in Aleppey. Kerala has focused more attention on IT industries and has 2 major IT park Technopark and infoprk. Technopark is the largest IT park in India. The Government provide subsidy to start-ups
Kerala’s beaches, backwaters, lake, mountain, waterfalls, religious centres, wildlife sanctuaries, bird sanctuaries, national parks etc are the major attraction for tourists. Kerala has 4 International Airports for international tourists. In 1986 Kerala government declared tourism is an important industry. Ayurveda tourism has very popular in Kerala mainly on month of Karkkidakam.
In 1991, Kerala become the first state in India got high literacy. Many renaissance leaders and Christian missionaries promote primary education in Kerala. Asia’s largest and World’s third-largest Indian Naval Academy is situated in Ezhimala at Kerala